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Robbery - Clery Crimes/Hierarchy Rules


a. Robbery is taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.

There are four categories in analyzing robbery:

  1. Robbery with a firearm - use of any firearm as a weapon or employed as a means of force to threaten the victim or put the victim in fear.
  2. Robbery with knife or cutting instrument - use of a knife, broken bottle, razor, ice pick or other cutting or stabbing instrument as weapon or as a means of force to threaten the victim or put the victim in fear.
  3. Robbery with other dangerous weapon - use of a club, acid, explosive, brass knuckles, mace, pepper spray or other dangerous weapon used or use is threatened.
  4. Strong arm - hands, fists, feet, etc. Includes muggings and similar offenses where personal weapons such as hands, arms, feet, fists and teeth are used or use is threatened to deprive victim of possessions.


  • Each offense per distinct operation (incident) including attempts are counted.
  • Carjacking counts as robbery, not as motor vehicle theft.
  • Do NOT count number of victims robbed, those present or the number of offenders.
  • Do NOT count if force or threat of force does not exist, such as a pick-pocket or purse snatching.
  • Robbery is committed in the presence of the victim who is threatened with force or put in fear that force will be used.
  • Robbery involves a theft or larceny but is aggravated by the element of force or threat of force.
  • Because some type of assault is an element of robbery, do not report an assault as a separate crime as long as it was performed in furtherance of the robbery.