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Proper Format

MLA Works Cited Page

Whenever you use an outside source in a paper, you must cite that source properly. That's the rule.

This handout will give you some basic information about assembling a Works Cited page according to MLA guidelines. For more detailed guidance, please refer to a more in-depth resource, such as the NIV Handbook, the Prentice-Hall Handbook, or James Lester's Writing Research Papers, which is the source for all the examples given below.

What needs to be included in my works cited page?

Your Works Cited Page should include correct bibliographic information for every source that you cite in your paper. It should appear at the end of your paper, on its own separate page(s), with the heading Works Cited centered at the top. It should be double-spaced and alphabetized according to the first key word in each entry (usually the author's last name).


The following are examples of citations for some common sources. (In your Works Cited. do not include the information provided in brackets at the end of each example.) More than likely, you will need to refer to a handbook for details on how to cite all of your different sources.

Works Cited

Entry in well-known encyclopedia:

     Dickinson, Robert E. "Norman Conquest." The World Book Encyclopedia. 1976 ed.

Journal, paged continuously throughout the year:

     Garrett, N. "Technology in the Service of Language Learning." Modem Language Journal 75. (1991): 74-101.

Book with more than 3 authors:

     Lewis, Laurel J., et al. Linear Systems Analyses. New York: McGraw, 1969.

Book with one author:

     McMurtry, Larry. Buffalo Girls. New York: Simon, 1990.

Newspaper with lettered sections:

     Olivas, Michael. "Justice Marshall, Dissention…"Chronicle of Higher Education. 17 July 1991: Bl-B2


     Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves. Warner Bros., 1991.

Article with no author's name:

     "The Talk of the Town." New Yorker 29 July 1991: 21-25.

Work in an anthology:

     Updike, John. "A & P." Fiction 100. Ed. James H. Pickerina. 4th ed. New York: Macmillan, 1982. 1086-89.

Weekly magazine:

     Von Hoffman, Nicholas. "The White House News Hole." The New Republic 6 Sep. 1982: 19-23. 

NOTE - newspaper, book, magazine, and film titles are underlined OR italicized. Titles of articles, short stories, and poems are in quotation marks. Also, be sure to indent after the first line of text.

Also, remember that if you only have one work cited, then it is called a Work Cited page.

Citing Sources from the WWW - MLA Form

What information should I include

Include as much of the following information as you can, in this order. If you have trouble locating some of the information, such as the author's name or date of publication, that is okay.

author's name
name of document in quotation marks
name of complete work in italics or underlined
date of publication or last revision
date of access

URL, in brackets like these: <http://www.google.com>


Personal site

Smith, Joseph. Home page. 24 Sept. 1997. 7 Nov. 1997. <http://www.english.edu/jsmith.html>.

General Web site

Harris, Jonathan G. "The Return of the Witch Hunts.' Witch-hunt Information page. 19 Apr. 1997. 19 Nov. 1997


Shade, Leslie R. "Gender Issues in Computer Networking." 14 Feb. 1994. 26 Nov. 1997


Book accessed on internet

Darwin, Charles. The Voyage of the Beagle. London. 1845. Project Gutenberg. June 1997. 1 Oct. 1997


Article in an electronic journal (ejournal)

Browning, Tonya. "Embedded Visuals: Student Decision in Web Spaces." Kairos: A Formula for Teachers of Writing in Webbed Environments 2.1 (1997). 1 Oct. 1997. http://www.bung.edu/kairosi2.1/features/browning.

Article in an electronic magazine (emagazine)

Marigold, Nathan. "Confessions of a Cybershaman." 12 June 1997. 19 Oct. 1997


Annotated Bibliography

What is an annotated bibliography?

An annotated bibliography is a tool for organizing and evaluating sources. First you must read your sources carefully, then decide how to summarize them in just one or two sentences. In your annotation, state the author's thesis, and make note of any especially interesting or relevant points. (For example, note how the following annotations single out certain chapters that should be helpful in the writer's research.) Also, include any comments that might help you later; for example, you might write, "This source will be essential in my essay." or "This source will probably not be useful in my research."


Abelman, Robert. "Television Literacy for Gifted Children." Roeper Review 9 (1987): 166-69. Television is "a potentially useful and powerful tool" for classroom teachers. The introduction of "television literacy" into the curriculum will encourage critical thinking and imaginative responses, especially by gifted students.

Bryant, Jennings, and Daniel R. Anderson, eds. Children's Understanding of Television: Research on Attention and Comprehension. New York: Academic, 1983. Several essays, including one by the editors, discuss the effects of television on children. An essay by D. Anderson and Lorch, chapter one, defends the active participation of children in answer to those critics who say children are too passive. The essay by J. Anderson, chapter twelve, defends the technical skills required for watching television.

Hodge, Robert, and David Tripp. Children and Television: A Semantic Approach. Stanford UP, 1986. This book on children and television explores the social aspects primarily, and it features one chapter, "Television and Schooling," that discusses television as a "hidden curriculum" that teachers should not ignore.