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Writing Speeches


THESE TYPES OF SPEECHES ARE USED BY SPD 100 (PUBLIC SPEAKING) STUDENTS AND SPD 110 (INTRODUCTION TO SPEECH COMMUNICATION) STUDENTS.

THESE GUIDELINES HAVE BEEN CREATED BY PROFESSOR BRYANT

Demonstration speech: This is an informative speech in which the student is supposed to explain a process. The student is to use visual aids and must actually go through the action of making or doing the activity chosen. There must be a finished product. This is not just a "show & tell" but the process actually has to be done in class. The goal for this speech is for the student to concentrate on "doing" and not their note cards. Quickly the students realize they can speak with confidence about a topic they already know a great deal about. Some research is suggested so specific details can give "depth of knowledge" to the presentation.

Informative speech: This assignment concentrates more on research. The student may select any topic he wish es, but the key is to give "unknown" information to his audience. Therefore, the student must narrow the topic so that in 5-7 minutes he can give "depth of knowledge." Visual aids are required. The speaker must be objective in writing the presentation and may not take a pro or con position.

Persuasive speech: This assignment requires the student to take a position on a topic and attempt to reinforce the audience's feelings, change their minds, and/or motivate them to action. The student should have done some type of audience analysis to know how the class feels about this topic so the student can better form his argument. The majority of the class should not be in complete agreement with the student's position on the topic. Frequently, just rewording the specific purpose statement can give the speech a different focus. For example, "I intend to persuade my classmates to insist that their passengers wear seat belts when riding in their car." As opposed to "Wear seat belts" which the audience already does as indicated from their questionnaire. This topic may or may not be controversial. A specific plan or request for the audience is more effective in persuasion rather than a general goal.

Argumentative Speech: This speech is required for SPD 100 students to use critical thinking skills and to construct sound arguments focused at their specific audience. All types of evidence may be used. A call to action may be appropriate depending upon their topic. The student should use ethos, logos, and pathos.

Commemorative or special occasion speech: This speech may honor or praise an individual, event, or occasion. Special attention should be given to vivid language. If describing someone, use words that will draw in the minds of the audience a visual picture. Evoking a sense of pride, honor, appreciation, or affection may be appropriate.

 

For more help on writing speeches, speak to your professor, or visit the Writing Center.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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