Locomotives of the Orange & Alexandria Railroad

 

The following list are the known locomotives put into service by the Orange and Alexandria Railroad by year when they were first put into service or acquired.

 

Orange & Alexandria Railroad Company 1849 - 1867

 

1851

Pioneer

Virginia

Alexandria

Fairfax

 

These were the first 4 engines put into service by the O&A. The Pioneer only lasted 4 years in service, Alexandria was taken out in 1859. Virginia didn’t last through the Civil War, and Fairfax was left to the federals in 1861 and later sold by them for scrap.

 

1852

Fauquier

 

Fauquier was taken out of service during the Civil War and most likely used for parts.

 

1853

Prince William

 

1854

Culpeper

Orange

 

1855

Madison

Albemarle

 

1856

Rapidan

Cameron

Warrenton

 

Rapidan was undergoing repairs when the federals occupied Alexandria in 1861 and was abandoned to them. The federals repaired the engine and used it on the USMRR. It was returned to the O&A following the war. Warrenton’s boiler exploded in 1862.

 

1859

Amherst

 

1860

Nelson

Campbell

Charlottesville

Lynchburg

 

1865

Alexandria

Warrenton

Culpeper

 

These three engines were purchased from the USMRR

 

1866

Chief

Virginia

 

These two engines were purchased from the USMRR

 

Orange, Alexandria & Manassas Railroad Company 1867 – 1873

 

1867

Strasburg

Shenandoah

Manassas

Warren

 

These 4 engines as well as five more unnamed locomotives were acquired when the O&A merged with the Manassas Gap Railroad.

 

Fairfax

 

Fairfax was purchased additionally, separate from the nine merger acquisitions.

 

1868

Fauquier

Rockingham

Rappahannock

 

1872

Blue Ridge

 

1873

Potomac

 

In 1873 the OA&M merged with the Lynchburg and Danville Railroad and eventually renamed the Washington City, Virginia Midland & Great Southern Railroad. The railroad then went into receivership (with John Barbour appointed by the court as receiver) until 1880 when it reemerged with new investors as the Virginia Midland Railway.

 

**For more information on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad Company's locomotives during the war see David L. Bright's page for the O&A on his Confederate Railroads website.