Introduces inductive and deductive reasoning and the basic methods of symbolic logic, with an emphasis on common errors and fallacies. Lecture 3 hours per week.
GENERAL COURSE PURPOSE
To introduce the student to logic as the study of techniques used to distinguish correct from incorrect reasoning. Several methods of evaluating reasoning will be stressed. The basic distinction between inductive and deductive reasoning will be emphasized.
ENTRY LEVEL REQUIREMENTS
At the completion of this course, the student will have developed an understanding of the role logic plays in the reasoning process. Specifically, the student should be able to:
B. Distinguish between induction and deduction, validity and invalidity, formal and informal fallacies, syllogistic and truth-functional logic.
C. Identify and discuss several of the more common informal fallacies.
D. Discuss the various relationships among categorical propositions.
E. Identify the major, minor, and middle terms of categorical syllogisms; name the moods and figures of these syllogisms, and test them for validity using Venn diagrams and the rules of syllogistic inference.
F. Be familiar with the symbols for conjunction, negation, disjunction, material implication, and material equivalence; be able to use these symbols in basic truth functional operations.
Critical attention will be given to several of the following topics:
B. Informal fallacies in reasoning.
C. Categorical propositions and syllogisms; Venn diagrams; rules of syllogistic inference
D. Arguments in ordinary language