Revised 1/97



Integrates anatomy and physiology of cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the human body. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.


This course is an introductory college transfer level offering designed to meet the anatomy and physiology needs of students pursuing programs in a medical or paramedical career, or a degree in physical education.


The student should have an expressed interest in biology and be able to read and express himself orally and in writing. Although it is desirable to take the courses, BIO 141 and BIO 142 - "Human Anatomy and Physiology I & II", in sequence, it is not essential. Accordingly, a student can enroll in these courses in any sequence they choose.


Upon completion of this course, the student should be able to:

A. diagram and describe the atomic structure of biologically important elements
B. explain the principles of chemical bonding and apply those principles to the formation of both inorganic and organic molecules
C. describe the composition and organization of water, acids, bases, salts, buffers, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids and explain the biological role of each
D. describe the fundamental principles involved in chemical reactions and apply them to specific examples
E. list the following anatomical terminology 1. the systems of the human body and the organs comprising each system
2. the levels of structural organization
3. directional terms
4. body cavities and their membranes
5. quadrants of the abdominopelvic cavity
6. surface areas of the body
7. sectional planes of the body
F. diagram a typical animal cell, label the component parts and explain their functions
G. outline the movement of materials across the cell membrane
H. compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis
I. diagram the types of tissues and state the function of each of the tissue types
J. describe the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system of man and related clinical disorders
K. discuss the composition of human blood and the functions of each of the individual constituents
L. describe the anatomy and physiology of the integumentary system of man
M. describe the anatomy of bone and cartilage
N. name the major bones of the skeletal system of man and their associated anatomical landmarks
O. classify each of the bones according to their shape and then according to the subdivision of the skeletal system to which they belong
P. list the signs, symptoms, and complications of a fracture. Then describe the type of fractures
Q. list the major types of joints and their several subtypes
R. list the major muscles of the muscular system and state their location, origin, insertion, action, and innervation
S. list the types of muscle tissue and describe their location, appearance, and physiology
T. describe the structure of the motor unit and identify the mechanism whereby the neuron activates the muscle cell and the mechanism whereby the muscle cell contracts
MAJOR TOPICS TO BE COVERED A. Chemical and physical aspects of life
B. Structure and function of cells and tissues
C. Cellular energetics
D. Basic anatomical terminology
E. Mitosis versus meiosis
F. Anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system
G. Anatomy and physiology of the circulatory system
H. Hematology
I. Anatomy and physiology of the integumentary system
J. Anatomy and physiology of the skeletal system
K. Anatomy and physiology of the muscular system

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