NOVA posts statistics for serious crimes reported to local police agencies and campus security authorities. The following considerations are used to assist in the classification and recording of serious crimes:
1. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Handbook is used for all definitions of offenses except for sex offenses.
2. For sex offenses only, the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) Edition of the UCR Handbook is used for classification.
3. Clery Act reporting DOES NOT require disclosure of all other sexual related offenses. ex. sexual harassment, voyeurism and incident exposure
4. Offenses are counted on the basis of calls for service, complaints and investigations.
5. Findings of courts, coroners, jury, prosecutorial decisions and student judicial boards are NOT a basis for counting Clery Act crimes.
Hierarchy Rule is when the offender/perpetrator commits multiple offences in the same incident. When this occurs, the hierarchy rule must be used when counting multiple offenses. The hierarchy rule requires the most serious offense be counted when more than one offense was committed during a single incident. A single incident means that the offenses must be committed at the same time and place; and that the time interval and distance between the offenses were insignificant.
Definitions of the crime categories are listed below:
- Murder and Non-Negligent Manslaughter
- Negligent Manslaughter
- Forcible Sex Offenses
- Non-Forcible Sex Offenses
- Aggravated Assault
- Liquor Law Violations
- Motor Vehicle Theft
- Domestic Violence
- Dating Violence
- Weapons Law Violations
- Hate Crimes
- Drug Law Violations
Sources: FBI UCR Rape Reporting (May 2013); DOJ NIBRS Handbook (August 2000); DOJ Hate Crimes Manual (December 2012); DOE Clery Handbook (February 2011); FBI UCR Handbook (2004); D Stafford & Associates Reference Guide: Collecting; Classifying & Counting Clery Act Crime Data; and Clery Act Training Program Handout (2013).