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Online Discussion Success Strategies

Definition

Online Discussions (Discussion Board Forums in Blackboard) are forms of asynchronous online communication where the instructor posts topics or questions and students can post in response to topics and/or responses. Discussion forums provide a common “meeting place” on the Web. They provide the opportunity for student-student contact and student-instructor contact at a time and place of convenience.

Strategies

Shirley Nuhn

Shirley Nuhn - Professor, ESL

Orientation:
In class, provide orientation and time for students to practice and master the technologies, particularly the online discussions needed to interact with one another.

Goals/Objectives:
Be certain about what you want to accomplish with any given Forum Assignment. What type of work do you want your students to do? Have a course goal/objective in mind.

Instructions:
Write clear instructions:

  • List all resources/equipment needed.
  • Provide specific sequence of all steps in process.
  • Tell students exactly what they must do to get full credit.
  • Make sure all grading criteria are clearly defined.
  • Give exact due dates and time required to complete task.
  • Speak personally to students; use a less formal tone.
  • Give examples of assignments if possible.

Expectations:
Clearly communicate your rules and expectations for participating (frequency, length, number of responses, grading criteria, etc.).

Netiquette:
Clearly communicate “netiquette” rules.

Comments:
When you comment on student discussions:

  • Use the student's name.
  • Be positive; reassure and encourage him/her.
  • Be helpful -- point out what’s working well and make specific observations.
  • Be challenging -- ask clarifying questions and make suggestions.
  • Be dispassionate (don’t get angry!).

Blending:
Blend the online discussion and the face-to-face class by using student's responses, discussions, words, definitions, or such, to start a face-to-face discussion.

Some material Adapted from Bim Angst Penn State Schuylkill: http://berks.psu.edu/hybrid/sessions.html