NVCC COLLEGE-WIDE COURSE CONTENT SUMMARY
RAD 124 - UPPER/LOWER EXTREMITY IMAGING (2 CR.)

 
COURSE DESCRIPTION

Discusses the anatomy and physiology and routine radiographic projections of the vertebral column. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.

GENERAL COURSE PURPOSE

This course is a component of a career certificate that is designed for allied health personnel to receive limited instruction in radiography. At the completion of this course the student will demonstrate knowledge in radiographic procedures of the upper and lower extremities.

ENTRY LEVEL COMPETENCIES

The prerequisite for this course is RAD 110 - "Imaging Equipment and Protection". The student must satisfactorily complete the English and Math placement examinations and must score at the level of English 111 and Math 120.

COURSE OBJECTIVES

I. ANATOMY - UPPER EXTREMITY

    A. Specify the total number of bones in the hand
    B. Identify the following bones on a dry skeleton
      1. 8 carpal bones
      2. 5 metacarpals
      3. 14 phalanges (proximal, middle, distal)
    C. Identify the following hand/wrist articulations
      1. Proximal interphalangeal articulation
      2. Middle interphalangeal articulation
      3. Metacarpophalangeal articulations
      4. Carpo-metacarpal articulations
      5. Carpo-radial articulation
    D. Identify the bones of the forearm
    E. Identify the bones which compose the forearm
    F. Identify the elbow joint
    G. Identify the following structures of the ulna
      1. shaft
      2. styloid process
      3. Olecranon process
      4. Semi-lunar notich
      5. Coronoid process
    H. Identify the following structures of the radius
      1. shaft
      2. radial head and neck
      3. Tuberosity of radius
      4. radial notch
    I. Identify the following anatomy of the humerus
      1. shaft
      2. lateral epicondyle, lateral condyle
      3. medial epicondyle, medial condyle
      4. trochlea
      5. capitellum
      6. head
      7. anatomical neck, surgical neck
      8. bicipital grooveg
      9. reater tuberosity, lesser tuberosity
    J. Identify the articulations which compose the elbow joint
II. POSITIONING - UPPER EXTREMITY
    A. Position hand to include PA, lateral in flexion and extension and oblique
    B. Position the fingers in the PA, lateral and oblique
    C. Position the wrist to include PA, lateral, medial oblique and lateral oblique
    D. Position the navicular in a Stetcher position and ulnar flexion
    E. Position the forearm in AP and lateral positions
    F. Position the elbow in AP, lateral, medial oblique and lateral oblique positions
    G. Position the trauma elbow in a partial flexion position
    H. Position the olecranon process in the Jone Position
    I. Position the humerus in AP, lateral and transthoracic lateral position
III. LABORATORY OBJECTIVES - UPPER EXTREMITY
    A. Fingers: PA, Lat, Oblique
    B. Hand: PA, Lat.,Oblique
    C. Wrist: PA, Lat., Obliques, Ulnar Flexion and Stetcher
    D. Forearm: AP, Lat
    E. Elbow: AP, Lat., Obliques, Acute flexion
    F. Humerus: AP, Lat., Transthoracic Lateral
IV. ANATOMY - LOWER EXTREMITY
    A. Specify the total number of bones in the foot
    B. Identify the following bones of the foot
      1. 7 tarsals
      2. 5 metatarsals
      3. 14 phalanges (proximal, middle, distal)
    C. Identify the following articulations of the foot
      1. Proximal interphalangeal articulation
      2. Middle interphalangeal articulations
      3. Metatarsophalangeal articulation
      4. Carpo-metatarsal articulation
      5. Sub-talar articulations
      6. Ankle articulations
    D. Identify the bones which compose the lower leg
    E. Identify the following structures on the tibia
      1. Medial malleolus
      2. Posterior articular margin
      3. Shaft
      4. Tibial plateau
      5. Medial condyle
      6. Lateral condyle
      7. Tibial spine
      8. Tibial tuberosity
      9. Anterior crest
    F. Identify the following anatomy of the fibula
      1. Lateral malleolus
      2. Shaft
      3. Neck
      4. Head
      5. Styloid process
    G. Identify the proximal and distal tibio-fibular articulations
    H. Identify the bones which compose the knee joint
    I. Identify the patella
    J. Identify the following located on the femur
      1. Medial condyle, medial epicondyle
      2. Lateral condyle, lateral epicondyle
      3. Intercondyloid fossa
      4. Shaft
      5. Greater trochanter, lesser trochanter
      6. Head
      7. Neck
      8. Intertrochanteric crest
V. POSITIONING - LOWER EXTREMITY
    A. Position the foot and toes in AP (dorsoplantar), lateral and oblique positions
    B. Position the calcaneous in semi-axial and lateral positions
    C. Position the ankle in AP, lateral, medial oblique and lateral oblique positions
    D. Position the lower leg in AP and lateral positions
    E. Position the knee in AP, medial oblique and lateral positions
    F. Position the intercondyloid fossa in Holmblad, Camp-Coventry and Beclere positions
    G. Position the patella in the Settegast position
    H. Position the femur in AP and lateral positions
VI. LABORATORY OBJECTIVES - LOWER EXTREMITY The student will demonstrate and show proficiency in the following:
    A. Toes: AP, lateral, oblique
    B. Foot: D-P, Medial oblique, lateral
    C. Ankle: AP, both obliques, lateral
    D. Lower leg: AP, lateral
    E. Knee: AP, both obliques, lateral, intercondyloid fossa, patella views
    F. Femur: AP, lateral
MAJOR TOPICS TO BE INCLUDED Revised 10/98

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