NVCC COLLEGE-WIDE COURSE CONTENT SUMMARY
RAD 123 - UPPER/LOWER EXTREMITY IMAGING (2 CR.)

COURSE DESCRIPTION

Discusses the anatomy and physiology and routine radiographic projections of the upper and lower extremities. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.

GENERAL COURSE PURPOSE

This course is a component of a career certificate which is designed for allied health personnel to receive limited instruction in radiography. At the completion of this course the student will demonstrate knowledge in radiographic procedures of the upper and lower extremities.

ENTRY LEVEL COMPETENCIES

The prerequisite for this course is RAD 110 - "Imaging Equipment and Protection". The student must also have satisfactorily completed the English and math placement examinations.

COURSE OBJECTIVES

I.  ANATOMY - UPPER EXTREMITY

II. POSITIONING A. Position hand to include PA, lateral in flexion and extension and oblique
B. Position the fingers in the PA, lateral and oblique
C. Position the wrist to include PA, lateral, medial oblique and lateral oblique
D. Position the navicular in a Stetcher position and ulnar flexion
E. Position the forearm in AP and lateral positions
F. Position the elbow in AP, lateral, medial oblique and lateral oblique positions
G. Position the trauma elbow in a partial flexion position
H. Position the olecranon process in the Jone Position
I. Position the humerus in AP, lateral and transthoracic lateral positions
III. LABORATORY OBJECTIVES The student will demonstrate and show proficiency in the following:
    A. Fingers: PA, Lat, Oblique
    B. Hand: PA, Lat.,Oblique
    C. Wrist: PA, Lat., Obliques, Ulnar Flexion and Stetcher
    D. Forearm: AP, Lat
    E. Elbow: AP, Lat., Obliques, Acute flexion
    F. Humerus: AP, Lat., Transthoracic Lateral
IV. ANATOMY - LOWER EXTREMITY
    A. Specify the total number of bones in the foot
    B. Identify the following bones of the foot:
      1. 7 tarsals
      2. 5 metatarsals
      3. 14 phalanges (proximal, middle, distal)
    C. Identify the following articulations of the foot:
      1. Proximal interphalangeal articulation
      2. Middle interphalangeal articulations
      3. Metatarsophalangeal articulation
      4. Carpo-metatarsal articulation
      5. Sub-talar articulations
      6. Ankle articulations
    D. Identify the bones which compose the lower leg
    E. Identify the following structures on the tibia:
      1. Medial malleolus
      2. Posterior articular margin
      3. Shaft
      4. Tibial plateau
      5. Medial condyle
      6. Lateral condyle
      7. Tibial spine
      8. Tibial tuberosity
      9. Anterior crest
    F. Identify the following anatomy of the fibula:
      1. Lateral malleolus
      2. Shaft
      3. Neck
      4. Head
      5. Styloid process
    G. Identify the proximal and distal tibio-fibular articulations
    H. Identify the bones which compose the knee joint
    I. Identify the patella
    J. Identify the following located on the femur:
      1. Medial condyle, medial epicondyle
      2. Lateral condyle, lateral epicondyle
      3. Intercondyloid fossa
      4. Shaft
      5. Greater trochanter, lesser trochanter
      6. Head
      7. Neck
      8. Intertrochanteric crest
V. POSITIONING
    A. Position the foot and toes in AP (dorsoplanter), lateral and oblique positions
    B. Position the calcaneous in semi-axial and lateral positions
    C. Position the ankle in AP, lateral, medial oblique and lateral oblique positions
    D. Position the lower leg in AP and lateral positions
    E. Position the knee in AP, medial oblique and lateral positions
    F. Position the intercondyloid fossa in Holmblad, Camp-Coventry and Beclere positions
    G. Position the patella in the Settagast position
    H. Position the femur in AP and lateral positions.
VI. LABORATORY OBJECTIVES The student will demonstrate and show proficiency in the following:
    A. Toes: Ap, lateral, oblique
    B. Foot: D-P, Medial oblique, lateral
    C. Ankle: Ap, both obliques, lateral
    D. Lower leg: Ap, lateral
    E. Knee: Ap, both obliques, lateral, ntercondyloid fossa, patella views
    F. Femur: Ap, lateral
MAJOR TOPICS TO BE INCLUDED Revised 10/98

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