NVCC COLLEGE-WIDE COURSE CONTENT SUMMARY
PTH 151 - MUSCULOSKELETAL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION (5 CR.)

COURSE DESCRIPTION

Focuses on the musculoskeletal system and the nervous system. Emphasizes bone formation and landmark, ligaments, muscle origin, action, and innervation. Includes basic sensory and motor control. Prepares the student for principals of kinesiology and biomechanics. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 7 hours per week.

GENERAL COURSE PURPOSE

The ability to examine the musculoskeletal anatomy and identify specific components of the system is the foundation for understanding both normal and abnormal movement, ie., the study of kinesiology. Kinesiological analysis is the basis of physical therapy practice. Thus, Musculoskeletal Structure and Function is integral to future study of and applications which affect human movement performance.

ENTRY LEVEL COMPETENCIES

Musculoskeletal Structure and Function builds upon knowledge acquired in BIO 141-142 - "Human Anatomy and Physiology I-II". The student must be able to demonstrate comprehension of nomenclature which describes basic terms of position and body regions. The student must be able to work in a laboratory setting manipulating models, and participating with the other student(s) to locate and palpate anatomy landmarks on each other. The student must be able to discriminate right from left.

COURSE OBJECTIVES

Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:

    1. describe the physiology of muscle contraction
    2. determine the plan and axis of motion at each joint in the body
    3. identify individual skeletal muscles according to their location, innervation and action throughout the body
    4. identify and palpate specific bony landmarks
    5. palpate skeletal muscles indicating origin, muscle belly, and insertion
    6. describe the process of bone formation
    7. discriminate the three classes of joints
    8. diagram a synovial joint
    9. position a muscle for anti-gravity or gravity minimized action
    10. differentiate isometric, concentric, and eccentric muscle contractions
    11. analyze simple movements according to plane and axis of motion, primary muscle action, COG, and base of support changes
MAJOR TOPICS TO BE INCLUDED
    1. Musculoskeletal nomenclature
    2. Planes and axes of motion
    3. Joint classification
    4. Bone formation
    5. Muscle physiology
    6. Specific joint morphology
    7. Specific muscle location, action, and innervation
    8. Types of muscle contraction
    9. Roles of muscle
EXTRA TOPICS (optional)
    1. Introduction to biomechanics
    2. Complex movement analysis
Revised 9/98

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