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Home > About NOVA > Emergency Preparedness > Campus Emergency Procedures > Hazards > Bloodborne Pathogens

Bloodborne Pathogens

If you’re at risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens on the job, Hepatitis B Virus(HBV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) and/or Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the following are some precautions you can follow.

Safety Precautions

  • Make sure to use Personal Protection Equipment PPE.
  • Make sure it fits properly.
  • Check for flaws or damage.
  • Remove and dispose of PPE before leaving work area.


  • Cover cuts before wearing gloves.
  • Use single-use, disposable gloves.
  • Change gloves between patients.
  • If gloves tear or become contaminated, remove and discard.
  • When removing gloves, never touch the outside.
  • Wash hands after removing gloves.


  • Wear a mask along with eye protection to protect from splatters.


  • Wear a gown to protect clothing or skin from exposure.

Cap and Shoe Covers

  • Wear cap and shoe covers when large amounts of blood are anticipated.

Emergency Respiratory Devices and Pocket Masks

  • Wear emergency respiratory device and pocket mask when resuscitating patients to isolate from body fluids.


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